Problem Feeders: When Picky Eating is a More Serious Problem
Problem feeders have the following behaviors:
- Young infants who refuse bottle or breast, or drink a small amount then refuse. This results in a decreased overall volume consumed, and eventually weight loss and dehydration.
- Toddlers and children who eat less than 20 foods.
- Kids who “lose” foods that they once ate, and do not resume eating them even after a few weeks break. Eventually they may be down to 5-10 foods.
- Kids who refuse certain textures altogether.
- Kids who scream, cry, and panic over touching, smelling, or tasting a new food.
- Kids who are unwilling to try almost any new food even after 10+ exposures.
Why do some kids become problem feeders?
There is an underlying reason why they have a strong negative association with eating, to the point where they will starve themselves before consuming foods outside of their repertoire. There is often a medical diagnosis that contributes to the development of a problem feeder
, such as:
In these cases, the child forms “oral aversion” associated with the pain and discomfort they feel/felt as a result of eating or swallowing. This association is made very strongly in the young developing brain, and in the case of problem feeders, overrides hunger. Oral aversion becomes a protective mechanism, which is why they panic over eating new foods. Problem feeders
can be underweight or overweight
as a result of their rigid food choices, depending on what type and how much food they eat.
The big difference between picky eaters and problem feeders:
Eventually, a picky eater
will come around to eat some type of food they are presented with outside of their usual repertoire, if they are hungry enough. A problem feeder
will not respond to hunger cues to meet their needs with the food options presented to them if it is outside of their “accepted” foods. Problem feeders
will go on a food “strike”, even if it results in dehydration and malnutrition.