It’s that time of year again! Each new school year is an exciting time not only for students, but also for teachers! They have worked diligently all summer to prepare their classrooms in order to welcome their new students. Creating a learning environment to fit the needs of each unique student is a big task, but with an understanding of sensory processing and self-regulation and implementation of simple classroom strategies, back-to-school can be a breeze!
What is Sensory Processing?
The classroom is a rich, sensory environment that enhances students’ development. For some students, however, their unique patterns of sensory processing may affect their ability to fully participate in activities. Sensory processing is the body’s ability to filter out important information that is taken in via many sensory pathways and utilize that information to provide appropriate responses within the environment. There may be some students who are over-responsive to input within the classroom, such as covering his or her ears when the fire alarm rings or avoiding art projects that include messy play. For other students, they may be under-responsive and seeking input within the classroom, such as difficulty sitting still at his or her desk and being too rough with peers or classroom materials.
What is Self-regulation?
Sensory processing has a profound impact on self-regulation, which is the ability to maintain an optimum level of arousal in order to participate in daily activities. Self-regulation is a critical component of learning, as it can impact a student’s attention, emotional regulation, and impulse control. Providing individualized sensory experiences increases self-regulation, attention, and overall participation.
Sensory Strategies to Increase Self-regulation Within the Classroom:
- Provide clear, precise, and short directions
- Ask students to repeat directions back to you
- Place felt pads or tennis balls on the bottom of chairs to decrease unexpected, loud noises
- Use large rugs to absorb sound
- Offer headphones, ear plugs, or calming music
- Create a “cozy or quiet” corner
- Minimize bright or florescent lights
- Reduce “clutter” within the room, such as art projects or decorations on walls
- Reduce the amount of words and pictures on worksheets
- Provide directions on the student’s eye level to increase visual attention
- Utilize visual schedules
- Seat students near the front of the room or near you
- Incorporate messy play, including sand trays, finger paint, and shaving cream
- Do squeezes with Play-doh
- Utilize hand fidgets while seated at desk or circle time
- Offer modifications to activities for over-responsive students
- Incorporate heavy work into the daily routine. Heavy work is any resistive activity that provides deep pressure input to the muscles and joints which provides increased feedback about body position in space.
- Wall or chair push-ups
- Animal walks during transition times
- Utilize sit-and-move cushion or therapy ball for seated work
- Provide alternatives to sitting at a desk, such as standing to complete work
- Implement group movement breaks
- Assign classroom “helpers”
- Carrying heavy items
- Pushing in chairs
- Picking up objects off the floor
- Passing out papers
Remember, you know your students best! Get to know their individual characteristics and needs prior to implementing these strategies. Whenever possible, consult with an occupational therapist at your school! With the use of these simple strategies, your classroom will provide the best environment for all students to learn and grow!
NSPT offers services in Bucktown, Evanston, Highland Park, Lincolnwood, Glenview, Lake Bluff, Des Plaines, Hinsdale and Milwaukee. If you have questions or concerns about your child, we would love to help! Give us a call at (877) 486-4140 and speak to one of our Family Child Advocates!