What is Type II Diabetes?
Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. This form of the illness is a chronic condition in which the body is resistant to the effects of insulin or does not produce enough insulin. Insulin–a hormone produced by the pancreas–takes digested glucose from the blood and transforms this sugar into fuel and energy. People with type II diabetes, thus, do not get necessary energy from food during the digestion process and are at risk for glucose build-up in the blood. Type II diabetes is generally diagnosed in adulthood and is associated with family history, obesity, poor diet, decreased physical activity and ethnicity. According to WebMD, 90% to 95% of people with diabetes have type II diabetes.
What are some symptoms of the condition?
Symptoms of the condition include extreme fatigue, unusual weight loss, constant hunger, blurred vision, increased thirst and urination, slow-healing sores and areas of darkened skin.
How does the condition progress?
After diagnosis of type II diabetes, a doctor will discuss treatment options to control blood sugar levels. Type II diabetes is not curable, but it is manageable with proper care and lifestyle changes. Without careful self-management, however, an individual with type II diabetes can endure long-term complications like heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage in the extremities, eye damage, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease and bacterial or fungal infections. These complications are minimized with efforts to be healthy, maintain daily physical activity, keeping blood pressure and cholesterol under control and routinely checking in with a doctor.
How can I help treat my child’s condition?
Treatment for type II diabetes includes monitoring blood sugar, regular exercise and healthy eating, and possibly diabetes medication or insulin supplements. It is important for people with type II diabetes to monitor their blood sugar level to make sure it is within a target range. In some cases, a doctor may recommend diabetes medication or insulin therapy. Oral diabetes medication lowers glucose production in the liver. A doctor may also prescribe insulin therapy in combination with diabetes medication. There are two options for insulin supplement therapy–insulin injections or an insulin pump. Insulin injections are done manually by means of a small needle or insulin pen which delivers insulin to the body. An insulin pump is a small device worn outside the body that connects to a catheter inserted under the skin, near the abdomen. The insulin pump automatically injects the body with insulin at a steady rate to regulate the sugar in the bloodstream.
Our approach at North Shore Pediatric Therapy
At North Shore Pediatric Therapy, we offer a variety of services that may be beneficial for children with type II diabetes. Specifically, our registered dietitians and licensed professional counselors will work with your child to create healthy meal plans and identify coping strategies, since we know how crucial it is for your child to make their physical and emotional health a priority.