Fine Motor and Gross Motor Activities to do with Sidewalk Chalk this Summer

Summer is the perfect time to get outside with your child to enjoy the sunshine and fresh air. Summer also offers the chance for your child to unwind a bit, and take a break from all the demands placed on him at school. However, it is still important to keep your child active and engaged throughout the summer months, so that he stays in somewhat of a consistent routine and keeps his mind fresh and in tip-top-shape for the upcoming school year. Here are some fun and simple ways to incorporate fine motor and gross motor activities into your everyday summer routine using an already preferred activity, sidewalk chalk,

Here are a variety of options to explore with chalk:

  • Hopscotch: Create a hopscotch board out of chalk (typically alternating 1 square, 2 squares). This activity addresses fine motor and visual motor skills to draw the squares and write numbers inside of the squares. It also addresses trunk control, balance, and motor planning to complete single-leg hops and two-footed hops into each of the squares. You could also challenge your child to complete animal walks inside the hopscotch board instead (e.g. crab walks, bunny hops, frog jumps).
  • Tic tac toe: Have your child draw a tic tac toe gameboard on the sidewalk or driveway. Little girl playing sidewalk chalk gameThis activity addresses fine motor and visual motor skills to draw horizontal and vertical lines, turn-taking, problem solving and sportsmanship.
  • Hangman: Take turns coming up with a “secret” word for the other player to guess, and create a hangman board. This activity addresses fine motor and visual motor skills needed for handwriting, as your child has to write out the letters which appear either in the “secret” word, or get placed into the word bank. It also addresses executive functioning skills as your child has to memorize which “secret” word he chose, and has to remember how to spell the word correctly, and which order the letters go in.
  • Road: Help your child to draw a pretend road which he can then either ride his bike through or drive his toy cars through. This activity addresses fine motor and visual motor skills required for drawing (e.g. have your child create road signs as well). And if using the road for bike riding, this activity addresses motor planning to get through the road without crashing into the chalk lines, and balance and trunk control to navigate the bike. If using toy cars, this activity can focus more on imagination and possibly social skills, if your child is playing with peers.
  • Baseball diamond: Create a baseball field out of chalk (e.g. home plate, pitcher’s mound, and the bases). This activity addresses fine motor and visual motor skills to draw the diamond and circles or diamonds for the bases, and potentially letters/numbers for a team name and scoreboard. It also addresses ball skills, bilateral skills, and hand-eye coordination to play the actual game of baseball, along with sportsmanship and turn taking.
  • Four square: Draw a four square game board, which includes one large square divided into four equal squares (one for each player). This activity addresses fine motor and visual motor skills to draw the squares, and write the letters inside the boxes. It also includes ball skills, such as dribbling and bounce passing, in order to keep the ball out of your own square. Similarly, this game addresses sportsmanship and turn taking.

Note: Try making your own sidewalk chalk using 2 tablespoons of temper paint, ½ cup of water, and 3 tablespoons plaster of Paris. Directions: In a five-ounce paper cup, mix 2 tablespoons temper paint with one-half cup water. Add three tablespoons of plaster of Paris and stir until you have a creamy consistency. Once hardened (several hours), peel off the paper cup to produce a giant piece of sidewalk chalk.

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