If a child is overweight, it is easy to assume that he is getting more than enough of his daily recommended nutrients… right? The answer is, not always. Even if a child appears to be well-nourished or over-nourished, this does not mean that he actually has proper nutrient status from a physiological perspective.
What nutrients might be lacking and why?
Calcium–Childhood and drinking milk are often thought to go hand-in-hand. But many kids avoid milk and instead drink juice or sweetened beverages with little nutritional value. Other food sources of calcium might not be at the top of most kids’ lists, such as dark leafy greens, beans, tofu, and quinoa.
Inadequate calcium intake can cause the following problems:
- In combination with excess weight bearing on a child’s developing bones, a lack of calcium can put kids at risk for fractures and joint problems.
- A lack of calcium in childhood can cause a diminished reserve of calcium in later life. Calcium is used in the body for blood clotting, muscle contraction, and nerve signal conduction processes. Calcium also works to buffer acid-base balance in the blood. It is stored in the bones, and pulled out from the bones for these functions. Your body stockpiles calcium from the diet into the bones much more effectively during childhood and the young adult years than after age 30. Read more