Mathematics is much more than adding and subtracting. In reality, there are several factors and components that compose a child’s mathematics achievement. Children’s mathematics skills are found to develop in a hierarchical fashion.
Stages of mathematics development:
- The first stage of mathematics development is observed in young children and consists of skills such as understanding of one-to-one correspondence, classification, seriation, and conservation.
- After theses skills are developed, children are able to learn addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
- Finally, after these skills are developed, advanced skills such as algebra and geometry are able to be learned.
Teachers can watch to see if these skills are developing as they should be.
Once teachers have identified a child as struggling with mathematics, one or more of the following factors would likely need to be addressed:
- Visualspatial skills
- Linguistic abilities
- Working memory
Visualspatial skills are necessary for aligning numerals in columns for calculation problems, understanding the base ten system, interpreting maps, and understanding geometry. Linguistic skills are needed when performing word problems, following procedures of how to carry out operations, understanding math terminology, and knowledge of math facts. Working memory capabilities are used for the manipulation of numbers and operations.
From here with a plan from the teacher and/or a neuropsychologist, the student can get back on track with his or her math skills.