Taking your child to a speech evaluation may seem intimidating. Below are some tips to help you navigate the results of your child’s speech and language assessment.
Speech Intelligibility by Age: These percentages are an estimate of how much of your child’s speech should be understood by various listeners across a range of environments at a certain age.
- 19-24 months of age: 25-50%
- 2-3 years of age: 50-75%
- 4-5 years of age: 75-90%
- 5+ years of age: 90-100%
If you think an unfamiliar listener would estimate your child’s intelligibility percentage to be lower than what is listed above, they will most likely qualify for speech therapy. However, qualifying for speech therapy also depends on additional factors.
Phoneme Development: Listed below are specific speech sounds your child should have acquired by a certain age. They are listed in a range as children acquire different sounds at different ages.
- 1-3 years of age: p, m, h, n, w, b
- 2-4 years of age: k, g, d, f, t, ng, y
- 3-6 years of age: r, l, s
- 4-7 or 8 years of age: ch, sh, z, j, v
- 5-8 years of age: voiced /th/ and voiceless /th/
When your child attends a speech and language evaluation for articulation concerns, the speech-language pathologist will conduct a formal assessment that will allow them to determine if your child has all of the age-appropriate sounds in their repertoire. The SLP may also try some exercises with your child during the assessment to see if your child is stimulable for these sounds. In other words, they may check to see if your child can produce these sounds with some modeling or if the sounds are extremely difficult for your child to produce. If your child can produce these sounds without difficulty, the SLP may recommend monitoring your child and conducting a re-evaluation in the future as the sounds may develop on their own. If your child cannot produce the sounds easily, the SLP will most likely recommend weekly speech therapy.
How long will my child need speech therapy?
This is a question we are frequently asked by parents and unfortunately, there is no definite answer. Each child progresses at their own rate and some children may acquire sounds more easily than others. The length of therapy will also depend on the severity of your child’s articulation delay.
What can I do to help?
Your child’s SLP will most likely send home weekly “homework” that will include articulation exercises you can do with your child. The more practice, the better!
NSPT offers services in Bucktown, Evanston, Highland Park, Lincolnwood, Glenview, Lake Bluff and Des Plaines. If you have questions or concerns about your child, we would love to help! Give us a call at (877) 486-4140 and speak to one of our Family Child Advocates today!